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动词过去式

时间:2018-10-17 23:15:54     编辑:花体哥    来源:广东训练网

概括:这道题是柏揽讯同学的课后英语练习题,主要是关于动词过去式,指导老师为葛老师。过去式(past tense)是英语语法的一种,表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态。一般过去式的动词通常用动词的过去式形式来表示,而动词的过去式是在动词原形的基础上变化的。动词的过去式可分为规则动词和不规则动词。

题目:动词过去式

解:

序号 汉语 原形 过去式 过去分词

A B C

1 喝 drink drank drunk

2 摇铃,打电话 ring rang rung

3 唱歌 sing sang sung

4 游泳 swim swam swum

5 开始 begin began begun

6 落下 fall fell fallen

7 生长 grow grew grown

8 知道 know knew known

9 放飞 fly flew flown

10 吹动,吹奏 blow blew blown

11 拿,取 take took taken

12 犯错误 mistake mistook mistaken

13 驾驶 drive drove driven

14 写 write wrote written

15 上升 rise rose risen

16 骑 ride rode ridden

17 说 speak spoke spoken

18 打破 break broke broken

19 醒 wake woke woken

20 忘记 forget forgot forgotten

21 选择 choose chose chosen

22 吃 eat ate eaten

23 给 give gave given

24 看见 see saw seen

25 做 do did done

26 画 draw drew drawn

27 躺 lie lay lain

28 出示 show showed shown

29 去 go went gone

30 穿 wear wore worn

31 是 am ,is was been

32 是 are were been

A A C

1 打,敲 beat beat beaten

A B A

1 来 come came come

2 成为 become became become

3 跑 run ran run

A B B

1 带来 bring brought brought

2 打架,打仗 fight fought fought

A B B

1 想 think thought thought

2 购买 buy bought bought

3 教 teach taught taught

4 捉住 catch caught caught

5 卖 sell sold sold

6 告诉 tell told told

7 说 say said said

8 付款 pay paid paid

9 派遣 send sent sent

10 把….. 借给 lend lent lent

11 花费 spend spent spent

12 建设 build built built

13 烧 burn burnt burnt

14 学 learn learnt/learned learnt/learned

15 意思 mean meant meant

16 感觉 feel felt felt

17 闻 smell smelt smelt

18 睡觉 sleep slept slept

19 扫地 sweep swept swept

20 保持 keep kept kept

21 丢失 lose lost lost

22 得到 get got got

23 做 sit sat sat

24 挖 dig dug dug

25 获胜 win won won

26 遇见 meet met met

27 有 have had had

28 制作 make made made

29 握住,举行 hold held held

30 站 stand stood stood

31 明白 understand understood understood

32 听写 hear heard heard

33 发现 find found found

34 工作 work worked worked

35 呆在 stay stayed stayed

36 发生 happen happened happened

37 喜欢 like liked liked

38 打扰 trouble troubled troubled

39 希望 hope hoped hoped

40 学习 study studied studied

41 运送 carry carried carried

42 试 try tried tried

43 哭 cry cried cried

44 担忧 worry worried worried

45 停止 stop stopped stopped

46 掉落 drop dropped dropped

47 喜欢 prefer preferred preferred

48 旅行 travel traveled traveled

49 使用 use used used

50 住 live lived lived

51 匆忙 hurry hurried hurried

52 能 can could

53 可以 may might

54 必须 must must

55 将 shall should

56 将 will would

57 挂,掉着 hang hung hung

hanged hanged

58 照耀,发光 shine shone shone

A A A

1 让 let let let

2 花费,值 cost cost cost

3 放 put put put

4 读 read read read

5 切割 cut cut cut

6 击中 hit hit hit

7 伤害 hurt hurt hurt

参考思路:

不规则动词过去式

序号 汉语 原形 过去式 过去分词

A B C

1 喝 drink drank drunk

2 摇铃,打电话 ring rang ...

举一反三

例1: 【50个动词以及ing形式、过去式、单三形式】[英语练习题]


思路提示:

sit-sitting-sat-sits

run-running-ran-runs

swim-swimming-swam-swims

take-taking-took-takes

sing-singing-sang-sings

dance-dancing-danced-dances

draw-drawing-drew-draws

paint-painting-painted-paints

bring-bringing-brought-brings

buy-buying-bought-buys

sell-selling-sold-sells

make-making-made-makes

lie-lying-lied-lied

lay-laying-laid-lays

play-playing-played-plays

do-doing-did-does

come-coming-came-comes

wash-washing-washed-washes

climb-climbing-climbed-climbs

jump-jumping-jumped-jumps

like-liking-liked-liked

love-loving-loved-loves

enjoy-enjoying-enjoyed-enjoys

sleep-sleeping-slept-sleeps

walk-walking-walked-walks

go-going-went-goes

want-wanting-wanted-wants

get-getting-got-gets

stand-standing-stood-stands

miss-missing-missed-misses

have-having-had-has

fly-flying-flew-flies

blow-blowing-blew-blows

know-knowing-knew-knows

be-being-was/were-am/is/are

let-letting-let-lets

allow-allowing-allowed-allows

arrive-arriving-arrived-arrives

reach-reaching-reached-reaches

forget-forgetting-forgot-forgets

watch-watching-watched-watches

fetch-fetching-fetched-fetches

tie-tying-tied-ties

lie-lying-lay-lies

tell-telling-told-tells

stamp-stamping-stamped-stamps

see-seeing-saw-sees

drink-drinking-drank-drinks

need-needing-needed-needs

require-requiring-required-requires

例2: 英文50个动词以及过去式求英语的50个动词以及过去式要分类规则的和不规则的[英语练习题]


思路提示:

be was,were been

bear bore borne,born

beat beat beaten

become became become

befall befell befallen

beget begot begotten,begot

begin began begun

behold beheld beheld

bend bent bent

bereave bereaved,bereft bereaved,bereft

beseech besought,beseeched besought,beseeched

beset beset beset

bespeak bespoke bespoken,bespoke

bespread bespread bespread

bestrew bestrewed bestrewed,bestrewn

bestride bestrode bestridden,bestrid,bestrode

bet bet,betted bet,betted

betake betook betaken

bethink bethought bethought

bid bade,bid bidden,bid

bide bode,bided bided

bind bound bound

bite bit bitten,bit

bleed bled bled

blend blended,blent blended,blent

bless blessed,blest blessed,blest

blow blew blown

break broke broken

breed bred bred

bring brought brought

broadcast broadcast,broadcasted broadcast,broadcasted

browbeat browbeat browbeaten

build built built

burn burnt,burned burnt,burned

burst burst burst

buy bought bought

can could -

cast cast cast

catch caught caught

chide chid,chided chid,chidden,chided

choose chose chosen

cleave cleaved,cleft,clove cleaved,cleft

cleave clave cloven

cling clung clung

clothe clothed,clad clothed,clad

come came come

cost cost cost

creep crept crept

crow crowed,crew crowed

cut cut cut

dare dared,durst dared

deal dealt dealt

dig dug dug

dispread dispread dispread

do did done

draw drew drawn

dream dreamed,dreamt dreamed,dreamt

drink drank drunk

drive drove driven

dwell dwelt,dwelled dwelt,dwelled

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

feed fed fed

feel felt felt

fight fought fought

find found found

flee fled fled

fling flung flung

fly flew flown

fly fled fled

fly flied flied

forbear forbore forborne

forbid forbade,forbad forbidden

forecast forecast,forecasted forecast,forecasted

fordo fordid fordone

forego forewent foregone

foreknow foreknew foreknown

forerun foreran forerun

foresee foresaw foreseen

foreshow foreshowed foreshown

foretell foretold foretold

forget forgot forgotten,forgot

forgive forgave forgiven

forsake forsook forsaken

forswear forswore forsworn

freeze froze frozen

gainsay gainsaid gainsaid

get got got,gotten

gild gilded,gilt gilded

gird girded,girt girded,girt

give gave given

go went gone

grave graved graven,graved

grind ground ground

grow grew grown

hamstring hamstringed,hamstrung hamstringed,hamstrung

hang hung hung

hang hanged hanged

have had had

hear heard heard

heave heaved,hove heaved,hove

hew hewed hewed,hewn

hide hid hidden,hid

hit hit hit

hold held held

hurt hurt hurt

inlay inlaid inlaid

keep kept kept

kneel knelt,kneeled knelt,kneeled

knit knitted,knit knitted,knit

know knew known

lade laded laded,laden

lay laid laid

lead led led

lean leaned,leant leaned,leant

leap leapt,leaped leapt,leaped

learn learnt,learned learnt,learned

leave left left

lend lent lent

let let let

lie lay lain

light lit lit

light lighted lighted

lose lost lost

make made made

may might -

mean meant meant

meet met met

melt melted melted,melten

misdeal misdealt misdealt

misgive misgave misgiven

mislay mislaid mislaid

mislead misled misled

mistake mistook mistaken

misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood

mow mowed mowed,mown

must must -

ought ought -

outbid outbade,outbid outbidden,outbid

outbreed outbred outbred

outdo outdid outdone

outeat outate outeaten

outfight outfought outfought

outgo outwent outgone

outgrow outgrew outgrown

outlay outlaid outlaid

outride outrode outridden

outrun outran outrun

outsell outsold outsold

outshine outshone outshone

outshoot outshot outshot

outsit outsat outsat

outspend outspent outspent

outspread outspread outspread

outthrow outthrew outthrown

outthrust outthrust outthrust

outwear outwore outworn

overbear overbore overborne

overbid overbid overbidden,overbid

overblow overblew overblown

overbuild overbuilt overbuilt

overbuy overbought overbought

overcast overcast overcast

overcome overcame overcome

overdo overdid overdone

overdraw overdrew overdrawn

overdrive overdrove overdriven

overeat overate overeaten

overfeed overfed overfed

overfly overflew overflown

overgrow overgrew overgrown

overhang overhung overhung

overhear overheard overheard

overlade overladed overladed,overladen

搴旇?涓嶆?50鍚

例3: 【英语动词的过去式】[英语练习题]


思路提示:

1.begin—began,drink—drank,give—gave,ring—rang,sing—sang,sit—sat,swim—swam

2.drive—drove,ride—rode,write—wrote

3.改动词原形中的aw /ow为ew,变成过去式.如:

draw—drew,grow—grew,know—knew,throw—threw(动词show除外,show—showed)

4.动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式.如:

get—got,forget—forgot

5.动词原形中的ee改为e,变成过去式.如:

feed—fed,meet—met

6.动词原形中的eep改为ept,变成过去式.如:

keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept

7.动词原形中的eak改为oke,变成过去式.如:

break—broke,speak—spoke

8.动词原形中的ell改为old,变成过去式.如:

sell—sold,tell—told

9.动词原形中的an改为oo,变成过去式.如:

stand—stood,understand—understood

10.以ought和aught结尾,且读音是〔 :t〕的过去式.如:

bring—brought,buy— bought,think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught

11.以ould结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式.如:

can—could,shall—should,will—would

12.把动词原形中的o改为a,变成过去式.如:

come—came,become—became

13.在动词原形后加d或t变成过去式,并且发生音变.如:

hear〔hi 〕—heard〔h :d〕,say〔sei〕—said〔sed〕,mean〔mi:n〕—meant〔ment〕

14.动词的过去式与动词原形一样.如:

let—let,must—must,put—put,read—read〔red〕

15.不符合上述规律的动词过去式.如:

am,is—was,are—were,build—built,do—did,eat—ate,fall—fell,feel—felt,find—found,fly—flew,go—went,have /has— had,hold—held,leave—left,make—made,may—might,run—ran,see—saw,take—took动词的过去式

例4: 【至少用50个动词一般过去式写一段关于春节的话快】[英语练习题]


思路提示:

.On New Year's Eve,we got together at my grandparents' home.We had a big dinner with 10 courses.However,the whole chicken,whole duck and the pork leg were not touched.My grandparents said that they would have finished those first when they were young.Obviously,times had changed.We just picked some delicious seafood.

After dinner,I went outside with my cousins.We lit fireworks and firecracker.The dark sky became colorful.We shouted and jumped when we saw the fireworks shooting into the sky and exploded into leaves and flowers,gold,red,green or purple.

Some of my cousins held the firecrackers in their hands and lit them and then threw them up.The firecrackers cracked up in the sky and made all of us laugh heartily.

We played and played until midnight.At that time,all the kids lit their fireworks and firecrackers at the same time.The whole sky was lit up in a moment and happy noise made whole neighborhood very high with excitement.What a great evening it was!

例5: 50个不规则的动词过去式把原型也写上(好的加分哦!)[英语练习题]


思路提示:

动词原形 过去式 过去分词

arise arose arisen

awake awoke/awaked awoken

be was been

bear bore borne(携带)/born(出生)

beat beat beaten

become became become

begin began begun

befall befell befallen

bend bent bent

bet bet bet

bind bound bound

bite bit bitten/bit

bleed bled bled

blend blended blent

bless blessed blest

blow blew blown

break broke broken

breed bred bred

bring brought brought

broadcast broadcast/broadcasted broadcast/broadcasted

build built built

burn burnt/burned burnt/burned

burst burst burst

buy bought bought

cast cast cast

catch caught caught

choose chose chosen

cleave clove/cleft cloven/cleft

cling clung clung

clothe clothed/clad clothed/clad

come came come

cost cost cost

creep crept crept

crow crowed/crew crowed

cut cut cut

dare dared/durst dared

deal dealt dealt

dig dug dug

do did done

draw drew drawn

dream dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed

drink drank drunk

drive drove driven

dwell dwelt dwelt

eat ate eaten

fall fell fallen

feed fed fed

feel felt felt

fight fought fought

find found found

flee fled fled

fling flung flung

fly flew flown

forbid forbade/forbad forbidden

forecast forecast/forecasted forecast/forecasted

forget forgot forgotten

forgive forgave forgiven

freeze froze frozen

gainsay gainsaid gainsaid

get got gotten

gild gilded/gilt gilded

gird girded/girt girded/girt

give gave given

go went gone

grave graved graven/graved

grind ground ground

grow girew grown

hang hung/hanged hung/hanged

have had had

hear heard heard

heave heaved/hove hesved/hove

hide hid hidden

hit hit hit

hold held held

hurt hurt hurt

keep kept kept

kneel knelt knelt

know knew known

lade laded laden

lay laid laid

lead led led

lean lesnt/leaned lesnt/leaned

leap leapt/leaped leapt/leaped

learn learnt/learned learnt/learned

leave left left

lend lent lent

let let let

lie lay lain

light lit/lighted lit/lighted

lose lost lost

make made made

mean meant meant

meet met met

melt melted meited/molten

mistake mistook mistaken

misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood

outgrow outgrew outgrown

overcome overcame overcome

oversee oversaw overseen

pay paid paid

prove proved proved/proven

put put put

quit quitted/quit quitted/quit

read read read

rend rent rent

ride rode ridden

ring rang rung

rise rose risen

rive rived riven/rived

run ran run

saw sawed sawn/sawed

say said said

see saw seen

seek sought sought

sell sold sold

send sent sent

set set set

sew sewed sewn/sewed

shake shook shaken

shave shaved shaved/shaven

shear sheared sheared/shorn

shed shed shed

shine shone shone

shoe shod shod

shoot shot shot

show showed shown/showed

shrink shrank/shrunk shrunk/shrunken

shrive shrove/shrived shriven/shrived

shut shut shut

sing sang/sung sung

sink sank/sunk sunk/sunken

sit sat sat

slay slew slain

sleep slept slept

slide slid slid

sling slung slung

slink slunk slunk

slit slit slit

smell smelt/smelled smelt/smelled

smite smote smitten

sow sowed sown/sowed

speak spoke spoken

speed sped/speeded sped/speeded

spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled

spend spent spent

spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled

spin spun/span spun

spit spat/spit spat/spit

spoil spoilt/spoiled spoilt/spoiled

spread spread spread

spring sprang/sprung sprung

stand stood stood

stave staved/stove staved/stove

steal stole stolen

stick stuck stuck

sting stung stung

swear swore sworn

sweep swept swept

swell swelled swollen/swelled

swim swam swum

swing swung swung

take took taken

teach taught taught

tear tore torn

tell told told

think thought thought

throw threw thrown

thrust thrust thrust

tread trod trodden/trod

upset upset upset

wake woke/waked woken/waked

wear wore worn

weave wove woven

weep wept wept

win won won

wind wound wound

work worked/wrought worked/wrought

wring wrung wrung

write wrote written

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