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英语句子成分

时间:2018-11-17 08:30:04     编辑:花体哥    来源:广东训练网

概括:这道题是甘素钱同学的课后英语练习题,主要是关于英语句子成分,指导老师为虞老师。句子的组成成分叫句子成分,也叫句法成分。在句子中,词与词之间有一定的组合关系,按照不同的关系,可以把句子分为不同的组成成分。句子成分由词或词组充当。汉语: 现代汉语里一般的句子成分有八种,即主语、谓语、宾语、动语,定语、状语,补语和中心语。 英语:句子的组成部分,包括主语、谓语、宾语、表语、定语、状语、补足语和同位语八种。

题目:英语句子成分

解:

很高兴为您

-----------------------------------

主语 Subject --S

谓语 Predicate --V

表语 Predicative--P

宾语 Object --O(宾补OC)(直接宾语DO,间接宾语INO)

定语 Attribute --Att

状语 Adverblal --A

-----------------------------------

参考思路:

主谓宾的那种 缩写! 主语the Subject--S 谓语the Predicate--V 表语the Predicative--P 宾语the Object--O(宾补OC)(直接宾语DO,间接宾语INO)

举一反三

例1: 【1.怎么缩写英语句子2.例如Itismypen怎么缩】[英语练习题]


思路提示:

It's my pen.

一般是把be动词,如am are is缩写成're 'm 's

或者一些情态动词如will,would缩写成 'll,'d.

例2: 【关于英语缩写在句子中的问题像am.pm.Nov.这类后面有点的缩写,如果在句子最后,是不是只要点上一个.就可以了?还是要再点上之后,在加一个.表示句号?】[英语练习题]


思路提示:

你很认真,你问到的这几种情况都不用再加句号了.

如果是陈述句,那么在句子末尾就就不需要再加一个句号.

这样的常用拉丁语词汇有:a.m./ p.m./ e.g./ etc./ et al./ viz./ vs.

例句:

1、Every pupil is supposed to be in his classroom at 9 a.m.

上午9点时每个学生都应当在教室里.

2、This work is done by Tom et al.

这项工作由汤姆等人完成.

如果后面跟的是逗号或问号,最后一个点就不能省去.

1、This was her first trip to the U.S.(最后一个点是双重身份,缩写和句号)

2、Is this your first trip to the U.S.

3、On her first trip to the U.S.,Kristina lost her passport.

另外关于缩略词加不加点的通用规则:

1、如果缩后最后一个字母不是单词的最后一个字母,一般要加点:

Co.(Company)

etc.(et cetera)

M.P.(Member of Parliament)

2、如果缩后最后一个字母是单词的最后一个字母,一般不加点:

Ltd (Limited)

Dr (Doctor)

St (Saint)

另外现在的趋势是许多缩写之后并不需要加点,例如USA(美国)、PhD(哲学博士) 、AIDS(爱滋病)、IQ(智商)或企业组织名称如IBM(国际商业机器公司)、CIA(中央情报局).但因目前一般写作上并未严格要求,还是可以见到大写字母加句号的情况.

如果有其它问题,可以继续联系我.

例3: 英语句子中的月份缩写When'syourbirthday?It'sMarch4th这个句子中的March可以缩写么?可以写成It'sMar.4th另外4th在句中的读法是不是forth[英语练习题]


思路提示:

可以缩写,也是读FORTH,但是要注意的是,在读的时候,月份与日之间要添上the.如你的例子中要读成 it's March the forth.

例4: 【英语句子成分缩写主谓宾的那种缩写!】


思路提示:

主语the Subject--S

谓语the Predicate--V

表语the Predicative--P

宾语the Object--O(宾补OC)(直接宾语DO,间接宾语INO)

定语the Attribute--Att

状语the Adverblal--A

例5: 一些英文句子的缩写就是想多了解一些像DOVE,italy这样的句子的缩写,因为觉得很好听,希望各位帮个忙,当然是越多越好啦![英语练习题]


思路提示:

IOU

n.借据(等于I owe you)

ASL = Age/Sex/Location

AFAIC = As Far As I’m Concerned

AFAIK = As Far As I Know

AFK = Away From Keyboard

AIAMU = And I’m A Monkey’s Uncle

AISI = As I See It

AKA = Also Known As

AMBW = All My Best Wishes

ANFAWFOWS = And Now For A Word Word From Our Web Sponsor

AOTS = All Of The Sudden

ASAFP = As Soon As "Friggin" Possible

ASAP = As Soon As Possible

ATST = At The Same Time

AWGTHTGTTA = Are We Going To Have To Go Through This Again

AWGTHTGTTSA = Are We Going To Have To Go Through This Sh Again

AYSOS = Are You Stupid Or Something

B4 = Before

B4N = Bye For Now

BBFBBM = Body By Fisher,Brains by Mattel

BBIAB = Be Back In A Bit

BBIAF = Be Back In A Few

BBL = Be Back Later

BBN = Bye Bye Now

BCNU = Be Seein’ You

BF = Boyfriend

BFD = Big Fing Deal

BFN = Bye For Now

BHOF = Bald Headed Old Fart

BIF = Basis In Fact

BITD = Back In The Day

Biz = Business

BM = Byte Me

BMOTA = Byte Me On The Ass

BNF = Big Name Fan

BOHICA = Bend Over Here It Comes Again

BR = Bathroom

BRB = Be Right Back

BRT = Be Right There

BS = Big Smile

BT = Byte This

BTDT = Been There Done That

BTSOOM = Beats The Sh Out Of Me

BTW = By The Way

BTWBO = Be There With Bells On

BWDIK = But What Do I Know?

BWO = Black,White or Other

Cam = Web Camera

CIAO = Goodbye (in Italian)

CID = Consider It Done

CIO = Check It Out

CIS = CompuServe Information Service

CMF = Count My Fingers

Cof$ = Church of Scientology

CRAFT = Can’t Remember A Fing Thing

CRAWS = Can’t Remember Anything Worth A Sh

CSL = Can’t Stop Laughing

CTC = Choaking The Chicken

CU = See You

CUL/CYL/CUL8R = See You Later

CWYL = Chat With You Later

CYA = Cover Your Ass

相关思考练习题:

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题3:英语句子成分

点拨:Although her father was good at drawing这是个让步状语从句,主句你没写。although(虽然) 是连词,连接从句和主句。

题4:英语翻译!句子成分

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题5:英语句子成分

点拨:介词短语做状语

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