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初中定语从句

时间:2018-11-19 15:17:56     编辑:花体哥    来源:广东训练网

概括:这道题是毛呀佳同学的课后英语练习题,主要是关于初中定语从句,指导老师为席老师。关系词是在英语中引导定语从句的词。它分为关系副词和关系代词。关系词作为英语语法的一个重要组成部分,在英语教育中有很重要的位置。一般中国的学校在初中会教授关系词的知识。

题目:初中定语从句

解:

1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace.

A. Which B. where C. what D. in which

3.This is the hotel _______last month.

A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed

C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed

4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?

A. which B. that C. when D. on which

5.That is the day ______I'll never forget.

A. which B. on which C. in which D. when

6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here.

A. where B. to which C. which D. in which

8.This is one of the best films _______.

A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown

C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked

9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day?

A. about which you talked B. which you talked

C. about that you talked D. that you talked

10.The pen ______he is writing is mine.

A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which

11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy.

A. whom B. who C. which D. that

12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old.

A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom

13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country?

A. who B. who's C. which D. whose

14.I'm interested in ______you have said.

A. all that B. all what C. that D. which

15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday.

A. which B. who C. what D. as

16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be.

A. who B. whom C. that D. as

17.He is good at English, ______we all know.

A. that B. as C. whom D. what

18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much.

A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him

19.I don't like ______ as you read.

A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels

20.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school.

A. which B. that C. whom D. what

21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing.

A. which B. that C. whom D. who

22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women.

A. them B. which C. whom D. who

23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it.

A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who

24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now.

A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that

25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world.

A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what

26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV.

A. that B. which C. as D. it

27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together.

A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when

28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong.

A. which B. whose C. what D./

29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting.

A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which

30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly.

A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after

C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after

31.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill.

A. why; that B.that;why C. for that;that D.for which;what

32.He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam.

A.that B.which C.for which D.who

33.That is not the way ______I do it.

A./ B.which C.for which D.with which

34.I have two grammars, ______are of great use.

A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which

35.I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago.

A. as was B. which was C. as were D. which

36.My neigh bours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them.

A. who B. which C. that D. it

37.This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph.

A. that B. which C. from that D. from which

38.He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done.

A. that B. which C. who D. as

39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes.

A. / B. why C. when D. whose

40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular.

A. that B. which C. it D. though

41. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened?

--- Yes, he told me all _______ he knew.

A. what; that B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that

42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with

the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life.

A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which

43. The number of the people who _______ cars _______ increasing.

A. owns; are B. owns; is C. own; is D. own; are

44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns.

A. followed B. following C. to follow D. that followed

45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn?

A. that B. / C. which D. it

46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house.

A. which; what B. through which; what C. through that; what D. what; that

47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week?

A. this school B. this the school C. this school one D. this school where

48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected.

A. as B. that C. what D. who

49. I have bought two ballpens, _______ writes well.

A. none of them B. neither of them C. neither of which D. none of which

50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up.

A. are being B. has been C. had been D. have been

参考答案及解析

1. A. which用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语.

2.C. "和谁讲话”要说speak to sb. 本题全句应为Do you know the man whom I spoke to..whom是关系代词,作介词to的宾语,可以省略.

3. D. where是关系副词,表示地点,在定语从句中作地点状语.

4. C. when是关系副词,表示时间,在定语从句中作时间状语.

5.A. which是关系代词,在从句中作forget的宾语.其他几个答案都不能作宾语.

6.C. 解析同第5题.

7. A. 解析见第3题.

8. A. 本句话的先行词应该是films,因此,关系代词that是负数概念,其谓语动词应用复述的被动语态have been shown.如果句中的one前面使用了定冠词the,则the one应该视为先行词.

9. A. “谈到某事物”应说talk about sth..about是介词,其后要用which作宾语,不能用that.

10. A. with which是"介词+关系代词"结构,常用来引导定语从句.with有"用"的意思,介词之后只能用which,不能用that. with which在定语从句中作状语,即he is writing with a pen.

11. C. in front of which 即in front of a farmhouse. In front of which在从句中作状语.

12. D. with whom引导定语从句.with whom放在从句中即为:my father works with the engineer.

13. D. whose引导定语从句,在从句中作主语family的定语.

14. A. that引导定语从句,因为先行词是all,所以只能选用that引导.

15. D. the same……..as是固定用法, as引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语.在本句话中,as作从句的主语.

16. D. such……… as是固定用法,as引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语.在本题中,as作表语.

17. B. as作关系代词可以单独用来引导非限制性定语从句.这时as所指代的不是主句中某个名词,而往往指代整个主句的含义.as在从句中可以作主语、宾语.从句可放在主句后,也可置于主句前.在本句中,as作宾语.

18. B. Li Ming enjoyed it very much是主句,with whom I went to the concert是定语从句.with whom放在从句中为:I went to the concert with Li Ming.

19. C. as引导定语从句时通常构成such…as或the same…as固定搭配,其中such和same修饰其后的名词,as为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句. as在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语.Such修饰单数名词时,要用such a……..,本题中such books, such直接修饰复数名词.

20. B. things和persons是先行词.当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示人,又表示物的名词时,其关系代词要用that.

21. D. who引导非限制性定语从句,who作从句的主语.

22. C. two thirds of whom 即:two thirds of the 2,000 workers.

23. D. 先行词person后有两个定语从句,第一个从句省略了关系代词whom.因为, whom作从句中met的宾语,可以省略.第二个从句who could do it.who在从句中作主语,不可省略.

24. A. whose title引导非限制性定语从句,whose title也可以说成the title of which

25. A. for which 引导定语从句,使用介词for,是来自于从句中的固定短语 be famous for "以……..而闻名".

26. C. 当先行词被such修饰时,引导定语从句的关系代词要用as. As在本从句中作主语.

27. A. 两个先行词the day都是表示时间的名词,但第一个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作状语,因此要用关系副词when. 第二个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作动词spent的宾语,因此要用关系代词which或that来引导定语从句.

28. D. 在way、distance、direction等词后的定语从句中,常用that来代替“in (或其他介词)+which”、when或where,而that常可省略.

29. D. for which在定语从句中作原因状语,可用why 来替代.

30. B. which I have looked after 构成一个非限制性定语从句.

31. A. The reason why… was that….已成为一种固定句型,这一句中的why和that不能随意换位,也不能将that改成because,尽管that这个词在译文中可能有 “因为”的含义.

32. B. 非限制性定语从句常用which引导,which表示前句话的整个含义.

33. A. 解释见28题.

34. D. 主句中的two表明不能选A.从句中的are表明不能选B. both of which用来引导非限制性定语从句.

35. C. as引导定语从句时通常构成such…as或the same…as固定搭配,其中such和same修饰其后的名词,as为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句.as在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语.本题中as作从句的主语.

36. B. 非限制性定语从句常用which引导,which表示前句话的整个含义.

37. D.

38. D. 解析见35题.

39. A. he makes是定语从句, 从句前省略了关系代词that.

40. B. which is a bad habit 非限制性定语从句.

41. A. what happened是宾语从句. all 之后that he knew是定语从句.先行词是all,所以关系代词只能用that.

42. D. years是表示时间的名词,用when引导定语从句,是因为when在从句中作时间状语.第二个空选用which,引导一个非限制性定语从句.

43. C. 本句话的定语从句是who own cars. 其先行词是people,因此,定语从句的谓语动词要用复数的own.本句话主句的主语是The number of指“…..的数目”,是单数概念.因此,主句的谓语动词要用is.

44. D. that followed是定语从句,关系代词that在从句中作主语.

45. A. 先行词gas被only修饰,关系代词要用that,而不用which.

46. B. through which引导定语从句,through which即through the hole,在定语从句中作状语.What引导的是see的宾语从句,并作从句的主语.

47. B. 为便于理解,改写本句话:This is the school that some Germanfriends visited last week. 不难看出,作表语的the school是先行词.that引导了定语从句,因为that同时又作visited的宾语,所以被省略了.其它选项结构不对.

48. A. 解释见35题.

49. C. 因为是two ballpens, 并且定语从句的谓语writes是单数概念.因此,C是正确选项.

50. B. 本句话中,主句的主语是all,为抽象概念.因此,其谓语应用单数的has been.关系代词that引导定语从句,并在从句中作主语.

举一反三

例1: 求初中定语从句和几个非限制性定语从句练习题最好有答案和讲解的,[英语练习题]


思路提示:

定语从句专项练习题[初中]

[新E英语 整理 2008-11-07]

1. Don’t talk about such things of _______ you are not sure.

A. which B. what C. as D. those

2. Is this the factory __________ you visited the other day?

A. that B. where C. in which D. the one

3. Is this factory __________ some foreign friends visited last Friday?

A. that B. where C. which D. the one

4. Is this the factory __________ he worked ten years ago?

A. that B. where C. which D. the one

5. The wolves hid themselves in the places __________ couldn’t be found.

A. that B. where C. in which D. in that

6. The freezing point is the temperature __________ water changes into ice.

A. at which B. on that C. in which D. of what

7. This book will show you __________ can be used in other contexts..

A. how you have observed B. what you have observed

C. that you have observed D. how that you have observed

8. The reason is __________ he is unable to operate the machine.

A. because B. why C. that D. whether

9. I’ll tell you __________ he told me last week.

A. all which B. that C. all that D. which

10. That tree, __________ branches are almost bare, is very old.

A. whose B. of which C. in which D. on which

11. I have bought the same dress __________ she is wearing.

A. as B. that C. which D. what

12. He failed in the examination, __________ made his father very angry.

A. which B. it C. that D. what

13. We’re talking about the piano and the pianist _______ were in the concert we attended last night.

A. which B. whom C. who D. that

14. The girl ________ an English song in the next room is Tom’s sister.

A. who is singing B. is singing C. sang D. was singing

15. Those _______ not only from books but also through practice will succeed.

A. learn B. who C. that learns D. who learn

16. Anyone ________ this opinion may speak out.

A. that against B. that against C. who is against D. who are against

17. Didn’t you see the man ________?

A. I nodded just now B. whom I nodded just now

C. I nodded to him just now D. I nodded to just now

18. Can you lend me the novel ______ the other day?

A. that you talked B. you talked about it

C. which you talked with D. you talked about

19. Is there anything _______ to you?

A. that is belonged B. that belongs

C. that belong D. which belongs

20. ---- “How do you like the book?”

---- “It’s quite different from _______ I read last month.”

A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what

21. Mr. Zhang gave the textbook to all the pupils except _______ who had already taken them.

A. the ones B. ones C. some D. the others

22. The train _______ she was travelling was late.

A. which B. where C. on which D. in that

23. He has lost the key to the drawer _______ the papers are kept.

A. where B. in which C. under which D. which

24. Antarctic _______ we know very little is covered with thick ice all the year round.

A. which B. where C. that D. about which

25. It’s the third time _______ late this month.

A. that you arrived B. when you arrived

C. that you’ve arrived D. when you’ve arrived

26. It was in 1969 _______ the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon.

A. that B. which C. when D. in which

27. May the fourth is the day ______ we Chinese people will never forget.

A. which B. when C. on which D. about which

28. We are going to spend the Spring Festival in Guangzhou, _______ live my grandparents and some relatives.

A. which B. that C. who D. where

29. The hotel _______ during our holidays stands by the seaside.

A. we stayed at B. where we stayed at

C. we stayed D. in that we stayed

30. Is it in that factory _______ “Red Flag” cars are produced?

A. in which B. where C. which D. that

31. It is the Suez Canal _______ separates Asia ______ Africa.

A. which, to B. where, from

C. that, from D. that, with

32. Under the bridge, however, almost directly below, _______ was a small canoe, with a boy in it.

A. there B. where C. it D. which

33. He is not ______ a fool _______.

A. such, as he is looked B. such, as he looks

C. as, as he is looked D. so, as he looks

34. Is that the reason _______ you are in favour of the proposal?

A. which B. what C. why D. for that

35. He must be from Africa, _______ can be seen from his skin.

A. that B. as C. who D. what

36. He has two sons, _______ work as chemists.

A. two of whom B. both of whom

C. both of which D. all of whom

37. I, _______ your good friend, will try my best to help you out.

A. who is B. who am C. that is D. what is

38. He is a man of great experience, _______ much can be learned.

A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom

39. ---- Do you know the town at all?

--- No, this is the first time I ________ here.

A. was B. have been C. came D. am coming

40. I don’t like _______ you speak to her.

A. the way B. the way in that

C. the way which D. the way of which

41. The two things _______ they felt very proud are Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair.

A. about which B. of which

C. in which D. for which

42. The dinner was the most expensive meal we ______.

A. would have B. have had

C. had never had D. had ever had

43. Do you know which hotel _______?

A. she is staying B. she is staying in

C. is she staying D. is she staying in

44. There is only one thing _______ I can do.

A. what B. that C . all D. which

45. Who can think of a situation ________ this idiom can be used?

A. which B. that C. where D. in that

46. I have many books, some of _______ are on chemistry.

A. them B. that C. which D. those

47. They were interested _______ you told them.

A. in which B. in that

C. all that D. in everything

48. The astronaut did many experiments in the spaceship, ________ much

help for knowing space.

A. which we think it is B. which we think are of

C. of which we think is D. I think which is of

49. The great day we looked forward to _______ at last.

A. come B. came C. coming D. comes

50. I like the second football match _______ was held last week.

A. which B. who C. that D. /

[参考答案]

1—5 AADBA 6—10 ABCCA 11—15 AADAD 16—20 CDDBC 21—25 ACBDC 26—30 AADAD

31—35 CABCB 36—40 BBDBA 41—45 BDBBC 46—50 CDBBC

例2: 初中定语从句的练习题孩子上初三了马上要学定语从句了以前在补习班学过还有些不熟想做一些这方面的练习题请给推荐一些谢谢[英语练习题]


思路提示:

初中英语语法:定语从句语法专项训练

用适当的关系词填空:

1.I still remember the night _______I first came to the house.

2.I'll never forget the day________ we met each other last week.

3.Mr Black is going to Beijing in October,_______is the best season there.

4.I will never forget the days _______I spent with your family.

5.I'll never forget the last day______ we spent together.

6.This is the school ______I used to study.

7.Do you still remember the place______ we visited last week?

8.Do you still remember the place_______ we visited the painting exhibition?

9.Have you ever been to Hangzhou,_____is famous for the West Lake?

10.Have you ever bee to Hangzhou,______lies the West Lake?

11.Tom will go to Shanghai,______live his two brothers.

12.I live in Beijing,____is the capital of China.

13.There was a time ______there were slaves in the USA.

14.It is the third time ______you have made the same mistake.

15.It was in the street _____I met John yesterday.

16.It was about 600 years ago____the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.

17.The moment _____I saw you,I recognized(认出)you.

18.This is the very novel about____we've talked so much.

19.This is the way____he did it.

20.Who is the student _____was late for school today?

21.Who _____knows him wants to make friends with him?

22.What else was there in my brother____you didn't like?

23.He lives in the room____window faces to the south.

24.He lives in the room,the window_____faces to the south.

25.This is Mr.John for____son I brought a book yesterday.

例3: 谁能给一些定语从句的练习?我现在上初中如果好的话我有重赏哦!还有最好多一些是用"whose,whom"的题目,这是我的最最最弱项了!我上的是初中只要"that,who,which,whom,whose"这些答案的题目.[英语练习题]


思路提示:

1、The people ( ) you were talking to are Russians.

A that B who C which D whom

答案是A.

that用作介词to的宾语,常省略.介词to

紧随动词之后,不能放在that前面.

2、The man ( ) I saw is called Bob.

A whom B whose C who D which

答案是C.

who用作宾语,代替whom,常省略,此处也可用that .

3、I'd like a room ( ) window looks out over the sea.

A that B which C whose D whom

答案是C.

whose 也可指物,在从句中用作定语

4、This is the man ( ) I referred to.

A who B whose C whom D which

答案是C.

whom用作介词to的宾语,介词紧跟动词之后.

例4: 初中定语从句练习与详解[英语练习题]


思路提示:

在复合句中,修饰某一名词或者代词的从句叫做定语从句.如:The story (that) you read is The Resue.定语从句放在先行词的后面.引导定语从句的词有关系代词 that ,which ,who (宾格whom,所有格whose)和关系副词 where,when,why.关系代词或关系副词在定语从句中充当一个成分.

一、关系代词(人,物)

1、This is the man (who) helped me .主语,人

2、The girl (whom) I met looks like Lily.宾语,人

3、A plane is a machine (that) can fly.主语,宾格,人,物

4、This is a book (which) you want.主语,宾格,物

5、The room (whose) window is red is mine.主语,宾语,人,物

二、关系副词(状语)

1、It happened on the day (when) I was out.时间

2、I recently went to the town (where) I was born.地点

3、The reason (why) he didn't come was that he missed his train.原因

初中的,应该就只学关系词引导的定语从句吧,好好理解上面,应该也就可以了.不难的,努力哦@@~

例5: 初中定语从句讲解和练习求用简单的话语讲解一下定语从句,不要深入,那样易混乱.另外最好能附加一些练习题,也是初中水平的,[英语练习题]


思路提示:

定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中做定语,修饰一个名词或代词,被修饰的名词,词组或代词即先行词.定语从句通常出现在先行词之后,由关系词(关系代词或关系副词)引出.

关系代词有:who,whom,whose,that,which等.

关系副词有:when,where,why等.18.1 关系代词引导的定语从句

关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分.关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致.

1)who,whom,that

这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词,在从句中所起作用如下:

Is he the man who/that wants to see you?

他就是你想见的人吗?(who/that在从句中作主语)

He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday.

他就是我昨天见的那个人.(whom/that在从句中作宾语)

2) Whose 用来指人或物,(只用作定语,若指物,它还可以同of which互换),例如:

They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken down.那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙.

Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green.请递给我那本绿皮的书.

3)which,that

它们所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等,例如:

A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the countryside.农村出现了前所未有的繁荣.(which / that在句中作宾语)

The package (which / that) you are carrying is about to come unwrapped.你拿的包快散了.(which / that在句中作宾语 18.2 关系副词引导的定语从句

关系副词可代替的先行词是时间、地点或理由的名词,在从句中作状语.

1)when,where,why

关系副词when,where,why的含义相当于"介词+ which"结构,因此常常和"介词+ which"结构交替使用,例如:

There are occasions when (on which) one must yield.任何人都有不得不屈服的时候.

Beijing is the place where (in which) I was born.北京是我的出生地.

Is this the reason why (for which) he refused our offer?这就是他拒绝我们帮助他的理由吗?

2)that代替关系副词

that可以用于表示时间、地点、方式、理由的名词后取代when,where,why和"介词+ which"引导的定语从句,在口语中that常被省略,例如:

His father died the year (that / when / in which) he was born.他父亲在他出生那年逝世了.

He is unlikely to find the place (that / where / in which) he lived forty years ago.他不大可能找到他四十年前居住过的地方.

用关系代词,还是关系副词完全取决于从句中的谓语动词.及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系代词;而不及物动词则要求用关系副词.例如:

This is the mountain village where I stayed last year.

I'll never forget the days when I worked together with you.

判断改错(注:先显示题,再显示答案,横线;用不同的颜色表示出.)

(错) This is the mountain village where I visited last year.

(错) I will never forget the days when I spent in the countryside.

(对) This is the mountain village (which) I visited last year.

(对) I'll never forget the days (which) I spent in the countryside.

习惯上总把表地点或时间的名词与关系副词 where,when联系在一起.此两题错在关系词的误用上.

相关思考练习题:

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